was to relieve pressure, reduce swelling and also enhance overall blood flow in the brain and improve well-being. Even hands, wrists, legs, and ankles can be 'cupped,' thus applying the healing to specific organs that correlate with these points. One of the traditional indications for cupping is dispelling cold in the channels.  It is believed by some to help treat pain, deep scar tissues in the muscles and connective tissue, muscle knots, and swelling; however, the efficacy of this is cupping unproven. 2 Cupping as of 2015 is poorly supported by evidence. 4 In their 2008 book Trick or Treatment, Simon sigh and Eduard Ernst write that no evidence exists of any beneficial effects of cupping for any medical condition. 5 A 2011 review found tentative evidence for pain but nothing else. 6 The way it works is unclear but might involve the placebo effect . 7 A 2015 review found it was useful, at least temporarily, for long term neck and low back pain. 7 The effectiveness of cupping is difficult to determine as it is difficult to construct a double blind or placebo-controlled clinical trial . Phelps showed snippets of his cupping therapy on his Instagram as well as his Under Armour commercial. The mystery behind the circular marks on Paltrow's back is solved by Michael Greta, president of the Acupuncture Society of New York, who describes the therapy on The Early Show. The Chinese have been doing this since ancient times by using heat inside glass or bamboo cups.  Cupping also is used on back, neck, shoulder and other musculoskeletal conditions. “Cupping is one of the big things you do ... to be healthy,” adds Stein. Michael Phelps, US gymnast Alex Naddour and Belarus swimmer Patel Sankovich have all posted pictures of their polka dotted limbs and backs.

”It did kill bacteria but would not treat things long term,” she says. The cups are applied at room temperature, and there is some friction generated with moving cups, causing a small but significant amount of heat, especially if a warming oil is also used. The cup is generally left in place for up to 3 minutes. #rio2016 — B.